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The University of Dodoma Institutional Repository (UDOMIR) is a collection of full text documents and works by staff, researchers and students of the university. The documents include: books, theses, dissertations, journal articles, conference papers, working papers, reports and other works.

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Transformation or socio-cultural identity: style shifting on language used in Tanzanian film industry (Bongo Movies)
(Science Publishing Group, 2018) Sebonde, R. Y.
This paper seeks to demonstrate how there has been a manifestation of a style-shifting on the languages used in Tanzanian film industry (Bongo movies), from less to highly prestigious language; Kiswahili and English being the case. That, when people are highly negotiating for the use of Kiswahili in different domains, in Tanzanian film industry there is a style shifting from Kiswahili to English. This paper investigates whether code-switching and use of English titles and subtitles in the Bongo Movies is a product of language transformation or a way of constructing a new socio-cultural identity through relating to English usage, the language of authority and economic power, or is for attracting more audience or outside country market or whether it is the outcome of free economy, market and privatization or internationalization and globalization where English seems to be inevitable. The study was guided by Speech Accommodation Theory to clarify motivations for adjustment in speech patterns. Data for this study were collected through watching and reviewing 11 DVDs of Bongo movies produced after year 2000 to trace the status of language transformation, and interviewing 10 film stakeholders to examine the possible factors for style shifting on language used in Tanzania films. The data revealed that the use of English titles and subtitles, and code-switching from Kiswahili to English are the linguistic strategies for constructing socio-cultural identity, the manifestation of a multilingual Tanzania, film contextualization, free market economy particularly the need to attract and accommodate the international audience, co-production with outside companies, sponsors’ demands, and International Film Festival requirements.
The role of traditional irrigation systems (Vinyungu) in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district, Tanzania
(REPOA, 2001) Mkavidanda, T.; Kaswamila, A
This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, representing three different Agroecological zones. Qualitative statistical methods were used to identify priorities in vinyungu farming and to establish relationships for categorical data sets while basic quantitative statistical tools were used to analyze quantitative information and establish relationships between the information collected. Results show that vinyungu is widely practised in the District and has a great potential in generating income to farmers and in ensuring year round food security. Unlike the past where vinyungu farming was mainly women's work, now-days all members of the family irrespective of the gender are involved in it such that is one of the main employer to 85-100% of farmers during off-rain season.
The influence of social competence on the types of entrepreneurial networks formed by small and medium enterprises (SMEs): empirical evidence from Tanzania‟ s manufacturing SMEs
(The University of Dodoma, 2019) John, Elia; Mwakalobo, Adam. B. S.; Benges, Kenneth M.K.
This study examined the influence of five dimensions of social competence namely social perception, social adaptability, social expressiveness, impression management, and persuasiveness on the types of entrepreneurial networks formed by SMEs. Types of entrepreneurial networks are social networks, business networks, and supporting networks. To achieve this objective the study adopted a cross-sectional study design where by data were collected from manufacturing SMEs in Tanzania in four types of sub-sectors viz food processing, woodwork, ironwork, and textile. 250 SMEs were selected through stratified random sampling procedure. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data in a survey from owner- managers of these SMEs. Statistical analysis included factor and Poisson regression model. The study findings identify and indicate that a number of social competence dimensions have a significant influence on networks formation. These findings suggest that social competence is influential in determining the type and size of entrepreneurial networks formed by SMEs.
Integrating customary land tenure through the statutory land tenure system in Tanzania: the case of the Iringa and Babati land formalization process
(CRC Press, 2020) Kabigi, B.; de Vries, W. T.; Kelvin, H.
Land formalization has increasingly been recognized as among the strategies for fostering land tenure security. The chapter generally assesses the extent to which customary land tenure has been integrated into the statutory system. Specifically, it evaluates the extent to which customary land ownership has been integrated into statutory systems. It examines the extent to which this integration empowers village governments to plan and administer village land. The chapter further assesses the ways in which the integration reduces land disputes and improves information management. Data were collected in Babati and Iringa districts through questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussions, and observation. The chapter shows that integration occurs through recognized use of customary procedures of land allocation, conflict settlements, ownership, and use according to the Land Act 1999 and the policy of 1995. It also shows that although village governments are involved in formalization, the central government still has the supreme power in planning. Moreover, platforms for conflict settlements have been legalized, although they have not contributed to smart land governance. Technology is still old, and procedures are not accurate and are characterized by personal information errors. To achieve smart land management, improvements in formalization needs to encompass smart procedures, smart people, smart technology, and laws.
Report on a vulnerability and adaptation assessment of climate change impacts on human health and water sector in Tanzania.
(WHO, 2015) Muzuka, A. N. N.; Mpolya, E.; Chacha, M.; Shaghude, Y.; Tarimo, T. M.; Dubi, A.; Kiwango, W.; Ezekiel, M. J.
The main objective of the present work was to undertake assessment on vulnerability and adaptation to climate change impacts on populations in water and health sectors in Tanzania. The assessment had eight (8) specific objectives namely: (1) To establish the association between climate change and four priority health issues (i.e. nutrition; vector borne diseases; disasters; and water related diseases); defining the magnitude and distribution (in spatial and temporal scale) of vulnerability; (2) To describe risks posed by climate change for the water and health sector and develop recommendations for key national strategies and sectoral programming; (3) To assess impacts of climate change on water availability and quality, and its implications on health and rural WASH services (considering both quantity and quality issues) in order to inform investment in Water Safety Plans and other WASH programmes; (4) To establish baseline health conditions and risk factors which can be monitored overtime to observe additional impacts of climate change on health; (5) To describe the policy landscape and opportunities available to bridge, converge, and unite efforts under a climate strategy for health; (6) To identify research needs and information gaps in relation to the impacts of climate change on health; (7) To describe the health sector existing capacities and adaptation needs in relation to climate information; and (8) To assess current practices of health professionals to access, interpret and apply climate information in the design and implementation of nutrition, disease control and emergency preparedness programmes. In achieving these specific objectives the study was carried out in Ilala district (representing hot humid coastal plain climatic zone), Mbeya (temperate highland climatic zone), Nyamangana (Mwanza Region, representing high-moist lake zone), and Loliondo (Arusha; representing arid-semiarid climatic zone). Other sites were Kigoma Ujiji Municipal Council in Kigoma region and Kongwa (Dodoma Region) which in addition to climatic zones are pilot sites for Climate Resilient Water Safety Plan (CRWSP) Various data sets were collected including (i) Monthly meteorological data for a period of 30 years, (ii) stream flow, and water levels from gauged rivers within the Rufiji, Wami-Ruvu and Malagarasi river basins. These data were used to assess climate change impact and vulnerability in water sector and Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) program. Similarly, lake levels fluctuation for the Lake Tanganyika for the past 30 years were used to assess impact of climate change on water resources. Furthermore, health data on morbidity and mortality from climate related diseases archived through the Health Management Information System (HMIS) and at various district and regional hospitals in conjunction with meteorological, demographic and socioeconomic data, and information on floods and droughts were used to assess vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in health sector. Also review of policy landscape and opportunities available to bridge, converge, and unite efforts under a climate strategy for health was undertaken. In addition to data from the above mentioned districts and municipalities, various data at regional level on health, water and WASH programme covering all regions were collected from the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MoHCDGEC), and Government Open Data Portal (http://opendata.go.tz/).