Maternal and neonatal predictors of extrauterine growth restriction among premature babies in selected hospitals in Tanzania: a cross sectional study

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The University of Dodoma
Background: Extrauterine growth restriction affects a large proportion of the population of infants born prematurely and contributes to under-5 mortality as well as both short and long term adverse medical, neurological and functional outcomes of the premature babies. The prevalence of EUGR and knowledge regarding predictors of EUGR in Tanzania are lacking. In this study the aim was to establish the prevalence of EUGR and associated predictors among premature babies in selected hospitals in Tanzania. Methods: This was a Cross Sectional study of conveniently selected 146 premature babies from three purposively selected referral hospitals in Tanzania. Participants were followed for one month since delivery. EUGR was assessed by the WHO Fenton Chart. A Multivariate Logistic Regression was used to assess independent predictors of EUGR. Results: The mean age of the mothers was 25.66 ± 5.86 years. Majority of the premature babies were male and their mean birth weight was 1,636.16 ± 405.95g. The prevalence of EUGR as assessed by weight was 63%, 66.4% as assessed by length and 45.2% as assessed by head circumference. Multivariate Logistic Regression showed that premature babies who were born through SVD were more than twice likely to develop EUGR compared to those who were born through caesarian section (AOR 2.192: 95% CI 1.052-4.566; p=0.036). The late premature babies were 10 times less likely to develop EUGR (AOR 0.092: 95 %CI: 0.031- 0.272; p=0.000). Premature babies who had IUGR as assessed by head circumference and length at birth were significantly less likely to develop EUGR (p<0.05). Conclusion: Extrauterine growth restriction is a major problem among premature babies in Tanzania. Premature babies born through spontaneous vertex delivery were more likely to develop and late premature babies have decreased likelihood of developing EUGR. Premature babies with IUGR as assessed by length and head circumference have decreased risk of developing EUGR.
Dissertation (MSc Paediatric Nursing)
Maternal predictors, Neonatal predictors, Premature babies, Referral hospitals, Spontaneous vertex delivery, Head circumference, Extrauterine Growth Restriction, EUGR, Intrauterine Growth Restriction, Premature infants, Marternal health, Preterm birth
Chamlomo, U. G. (2019). Maternal and neonatal predictors of extrauterine growth restriction among premature babies in selected hospitals in Tanzania: A cross sectional study (Master's dissertation). The University of Dodoma. Dodoma.