Parent-teacher collaboration in managing pupils’ truancy among public primary schools in Tanzania: the case of Kaliua district

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The University of Dodoma
This study investigated parent-teacher collaboration (PTC) in managing pupils’ truancy among public primary school in Tanzania using Kaliua District as the case study. The study examined the collaboration strategies used by parents and teachers in managing truancy; assessed the extent to which PTC reduces truancy among pupils and explored parents’ and teachers’ views on improving collaboration in managing truancy among pupils. Bronfenbrenner’s Theory of Human Ecology which explains that the maturation of human being occurs in the context of relationship with families, friends, school, and society and not in isolation; guided the whole process of data collection and analysis. A mixed methods approach was used with the convergent parallel mixed design. The design allowed simultaneous combinations of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Six public primary schools were selected purposively while 198 respondents informed the study. These included the District Primary Educational Officer, Ward Educational Officers, Head Teachers, Discipline teachers, class teachers and parents. Both purposive and proportionate quota sampling techniques were used to obtain the respondents. Interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussion and documentary review were used to produce data for the research. Documentary review complimented the data obtained from in-depth interview, focus group discussion and questionnaires. Furthermore, qualitative data were analysed through content analysis while quantitative data were administered and evaluated descriptively by using SPSS version 26 to compute the frequency, mean and percentages. The analysis revealed that communication between parents and teachers, parents’ teachers’ meetings, classroom attendance and involvement of local government were the important strategies used by teachers and parents in controlling truancy. It was also revealed that PTC was effective in reducing truancy as the extent of pupil’s truancy was found to have been decreasing every year. Moreover, it was found that effective communication, education given to parents and teachers, regular meetings, prevention of family conflicts and involvement of local leaders are very important in improving collaboration between parents and teachers in managing pupils’ truancy. In conclusion, the study says that PTC enables parents and teachers to fulfil their responsibilities of nurturing a child while the pupils are at the home and at school. It is recommended that the government in collaboration with other stakeholders should provide education to the parents and teachers on the importance collaboration between the two groups hence reducing or removing truancy among pupils.
Dissertation ( Education Management and Administration)
Parent teacher collaboration, Pupils truancy, Pupils management, Parent collaboration, School dropout
Mwanyasi, T. (2023). Parent-teacher collaboration in managing pupils’ truancy among public primary schools in Tanzania: the case of Kaliua district (Master's Dissertation) The University of Dodoma